CONCEPTUAL DESIGN IMPACTS IN NEW NORMAL ERA: THE USE OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) AND INTERNET OF THINGS (IOT) (CASE STUDIES: CLASS ROOM AND RESTAURANT)
Journal: Acta Informatica Malaysia (AIM)
Author: Ahmad Muhammad Thantawi, Sri Astuti Indriyati
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
The Covid-19 pandemic that has lasted until now has forced changes in various sectors of life, for example, the use of masks on a daily basis has brought changes in the fashion sector, namely the addition of mask accessories to clothing where previously there were none. Likewise in the field of planning and building design which must adjust to the “new normal era”, so that it can fulfill the function of space according to the needs of the “New Normal Era”. The use of information technology in this case IoT (Intenet of Things) and AI (Artificial Intelligence) is needed to support these changes, especially planning and building design will function more optimally if equipped with these technologies and take a role in responding to the needs of building users to feel safer, comfortable and guaranteed health. Some examples of previous research using IoT are the use of automation in architectural concepts and using AI to detect human presence in a room or building. Building design in the “New Normal Era” supported by the use of IoT and AI is needed so that the building meets the health protocol standards issued by the Ministry of Health, but still has to meet the aesthetic and beauty concepts as well as the function of the building. IoT which is a concept that uses connectivity from the internet network as a communication medium for all connected objects into a single unit of an integrated system and similarly the use of AI for artificial intelligence applied to these objects. This research aims to discuss how it is possible to use IoT and AI in building design in the “New Normal Era” as a result of the Covid 19 pandemic. The methodology used in this research is to use a descriptive qualitative methodology with the aim of being able to understand and then provide alternative building design solutions with the concept of automation using IoT and AI. This research resulted in scientific studies related to building designs that use IoT and AI which can be input for alternative design solutions in the “New Normal Era”. This research is expected to answer the question of how the application of health protocols such as social distancing and hand washing that must be applied affects the design of buildings and the use of IoT and AI to support this. The limitation of the research study is on the design of the building with the concept of automation using IoT and AI in Indonesia. The existence of building locations in Indonesia also greatly influences differences in building design solutions, where the Health Protocol reference used can of course differ from one country to another, even though international standards can also be used in general. The concept of building design with the use of IoT and AI technology automation in buildings in Indonesia which is very widespread in the “New Normal Era” and is urgently needed can provide space design solutions that provide security, comfort and “health” for space users.